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African Americans and the American Revolution (GR. 6-8)

Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence (Online Periodical or Article - 2010- ) Available via Gale US History in Context Available from home with a valid library card and onsite at NYPL »

Annotation:Primary Source (non-fiction): Focus Question: Why did many African Americans believe that the message conveyed in the Declaration of Independence was hypocritical?

Annotation:Primary Source (text and audio): A historical document signed on November 7, 1775, by John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, royal governor of the British Colony of Virginia. The Proclamation promised freedom for slaves of American Patriots who left their masters and joined the royal forces. Focus Questions: 1. How did Lord Dunmore's Proclamation influence African American participation in the Revolutionary War? 2.How did Lord Dunmore's Proclamation present a moral conflict for African Americans as portrayed in Laurie Halse Anderson's novel Chains? Lexile: 1840L

Annotation:Primary source: A petition written by Massachusetts slaves to the General Court in 1777 that challenged slavery. Focus Question: How did the Massachusetts slaves use the rhetoric of the American Revolution to appeal to their audience?

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides readers with background knowledge about African American soldiers during the American Revolution. Focus Question: What factors contributed to African American participation in the Revolutionary War?

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides readers with background information about Peter Salem's role in the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Annotation:Secondary Source (print): The image depicts the Battle of Bunker Hill when Peter Salem shot and killed British Marine Major John Pitcairn.

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides readers with background information about Salem Poor's role in the Battle of Bunker Hill. Focus Question: Compare and contrast the lives of Salem Poor and Peter Salem.

Annotation:Secondary Source (print): The image depicts the Battle of Bunker Hill when Peter Salem shot and killed British Marine Major John Pitcairn. Focus Question: Peter Salem's body is positioned differently in this print than it is in "The shooting of Major Pictairn." How does the position of Salem's body differ in each image? How does his positioning impact the message conveyed by each image?

Annotation:Secondary Source (print): The image depicts the death of Crispus Attucks during the Boston Massacre.

Annotation:Secondary Source (print): The image depicts the death of Crispus Attucks during the Boston Massacre.

The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution
The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution With Sketches of Several Distinguished Colored Persons: to Which Is Added A Brief Survey of the Condition and Prospects of Colored Americans By Nell, William C., 1816-1874 (Microform - 1855 ) and more… Image(s) via NYPL Digital Gallery »

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): William C. Nell pays homage to the African American soldiers who fought during the Revolutionary War. He includes prints of famous African Americans in battle. The work includes introductions by Harriet Beecher Stowe and Wendell Phillips. Focus Question: How was Nell's work used as abolitionist propaganda?

The Poems of Phillis Wheatley
The Poems of Phillis Wheatley By Wheatley, Phillis, 1753-1784 (Book - 1989 ) and more… In-library use only in some locations

Annotation:Primary Source (Poetry): Phillis Wheatley was America's first published black poet. Although her work was published prior to the Revolutionary War, her poems symbolize the African American fight for emancipation during the American Revolution. Focus Question: How does Wheatley use the rhetoric of Christianity to advocate for the rights of African Americans?

The Works of James M. Whitfield
The Works of James M. Whitfield America and Other Writings by A Nineteenth-century African American Poet By Whitfield, James Monroe, 1822-1871 (Book - 2011 ) 818 Whitfield and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (Poetry):James Monroe Whitfield was a 19th century African American poet, abolitionist, and intellectual. His poem "America" vividly portrays the African American struggle for independence during the Revolutionary War.

Chains
Chains Seeds of America By Anderson, Laurie Halse (Paperback - 2010 ) J FIC A and more… All copies in use. Availability details

Annotation:Secondary Source: (Historical Fiction) is a novel about a young African American slave's quest for freedom during the American Revolution. Each chapter begins with an excerpt from a historical document from the era, which is useful when teaching students how to analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic (CCLS).

Forge
Forge By Anderson, Laurie Halse (Book - 2010 ) J FIC A and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (Historical Fiction): Forge is the sequel to Chains and is written from the point of view of Curzon, Isabel's best friend. Laurie Halse Anderson continues her portrayal of the importance of freedom for African Americans during the American Revolution. Each chapter begins with an excerpt from a historical document from the era, which is useful when teaching students how to analyze the relationship between a primary and secondary source on the same topic (CCLS).

The Prison-ship Adventure of James Forten, Revolutionary War Captive
The Prison-ship Adventure of James Forten, Revolutionary War Captive By Figley, Marty Rhodes, 1948- (eBook - 2011 ) Check availability»

Annotation:Secondary Source (Graphic novel, Historical Fiction): James Forten is a free African American sailor who must choose between keeping his freedom or fighting for his country, which may result in him becoming enslaved. The novel can be used in literature circles and is good for struggling readers and visual learners.

War Comes to Willy Freeman
War Comes to Willy Freeman By Collier, James Lincoln, 1928- (Paperback - 1983 ) J FIC C and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (Historical Fiction): Willy Freeman's life changes forever when she witnesses her father's death at the hands of the Redcoats and returns home to find that the British have taken her mother as a prisoner to New York City. The novel can be used in literature circles.

The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing
The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing Traitor to the Nation By Anderson, M. T. (Book - 2006-2008 ) and more… In-library use only & Available by request in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (Historical Fiction): Young Octavian is being raised by a group of rational philosophers known only by numbers -- but it is only after he opens a forbidden door that learns the hideous nature of their experiments, and his own chilling role them. Set in Revolutionary Boston, M. T. Anderson’s mesmerizing novel takes place at a time when Patriots battled to win liberty while African slaves were entreated to risk their lives for a freedom they would never claim. The novel can be used in literature circles.

African Americans in the Thirteen Colonies
African Americans in the Thirteen Colonies By Burgan, Michael (Book - 2013 ) J 973.04 B and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides the reader with in-depth background information about the life of African Americans in Colonial America.

America's Black Founders
America's Black Founders Revolutionary Heroes and Early Leaders With 21 Activities By Sanders, Nancy I. (Book - 2010 ) J 973.04 S and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides the reader with in-depth background information about the life of African Americans in Colonial America.

Come All You Brave Soldiers
Come All You Brave Soldiers Blacks in the Revolutionary War By Cox, Clinton (Book - 1999 ) 973.3089 C and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides the reader with in-depth background information about the life of African American soldiers during the Revolutionary War.

Black Stars of Colonial and Revolutionary Times
Black Stars of Colonial and Revolutionary Times By Haskins, James, 1941- (eBook - 2002 ) Check availability»

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides the reader with in-depth background information about the life of African Americans in Colonial America and during the Revolutionary War.

Black Faces of War
Black Faces of War A Legacy of Honor From the American Revolution to Today By Morris, Robert V. (Book - 2011 ) 355.0089 M and more… Available to borrow in some locations

Annotation:Secondary Source (non-fiction): Provides the reader with in-depth background information about African American participation in various wars.

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Description

For English Language Arts and Social Studies Grades 6-8: Primary, secondary, and historical fiction titles representing African American participation in the American Revolution. This list of books can be used to accompany Common Core Standards CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.6 Identify aspects of a text that reveal an author’s point of view or purpose, and CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.6-8.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions. In addition, this list can be used for Scope & Sequence Grade 7 Unit 2: Colonial America and the American Revolution.


English
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