Annotation:This primary source is a seminal tract by an Enlightenment era economist and social thinker. The theories described here laid the groundwork for social Darwinist theories later came later.
Annotation:This primary source is a detailed description of the Nazi/Fascist principles of Adolf Hitler in 1923. Students will be able to see that Hitler's chapter on Race and Nation are derived from earlier social-Darwinist theories.
Annotation:Primary Source: In September of 1906 a man from central Africa named Ota Benga was exhibited in the monkey house of the Bronx zoo as part of an exhibit on evolution. The exhibit and the public's reaction was covered extensively by the New York Times in a series of fascinating daily articles that appeared from September 2nd through September 22nd of that year.
Annotation:Primary Source: The popular 19th century British news magazine "Punch" displayed a now classic satiric cartoon depiction of South African colonial leader Cecil Rhodes and his expansionist goals.
Annotation:This primary source is a lecture by a 19th century theorist applying the principles of evolutionary biology to the struggle between nations for imperial supremacy. His comments come in the wake of Britain's defeat in the Boer War.
Annotation:: Includes primary and secondary source accounts of the 1906 exhibition of an African man in the monkey house of the Bronx zoo. It was not permitted for the public to photograph Benga, making the images in this book particularly rare and touching.
Annotation:This is a combination of primary and secondary sources. It includes the last will and testament of the diamond magnate who governed Britain's South African colony during the Boer War and left his fortune to the creation of the Rhodes Scholarships. It also includes essays by a personal friend describing the subject's Socal Darwinist views and his motives for creating the scholarships.
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A reading list for advanced 10-12th grade high school, or college students on the historic use of Social Darwinism as a justification for European imperialism between 1871 and 1939. Readings are longer and meant to be used as homework assignments that supplement class activities.
K-12 Study Guide