Social Insecurity

401(k)s and the Retirement Crisis
Average Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5.
Social Insecurity
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Random House, Inc.
How 401(k)s have gutted retirement security, from charging exorbitant hidden fees to failing to replace the income of traditional pensions

Named one of PW's Top 10 for Business & Economics

A retirement crisis is looming. In 2008, as the 401(k) fallout rippled across the country, horrified holders watched 25 percent of their funds evaporate overnight. Average 401(k) balances for those approaching retirement are too small to generate more than $4,000 in annual retirement income, and experts predict that nearly half of middle-class workers will be poor or near poor in retirement. But long before the recession, signs were mounting that few people would ever be able to accumulate enough wealth on their own to ensure financial security later in life. This hasn’t always been the case.

Each generation of workers since the nineteenth century has had more retirement security than the previous generation. That is, until 1981, when shaky 401(k) plans began replacing traditional pensions. For the last thirty years, we’ve been advised that the best way to build one’s nest egg is to heavily invest in 401(k)-type programs, even though such plans were originally designed to be a supplement to rather than the basis for retirement.

This financial experiment, promoted by neoliberals and aggressively peddled by Wall Street, has now come full circle, with tens of millions of Americans discovering that they would have been better off under traditional pension plans long since replaced. As James W. Russell explains, this do-it-yourself retirement system—in which individuals with modest incomes are expected to invest large sums of capital in order to reap the same rewards as high-end money managers—isn’t working.

Social Insecurity
tells the story of a massive and international retirement robbery—a substantial transfer of wealth from everyday workers to Wall Street financiers via tremendously costly hidden fees. Russell traces what amounts to a perfect swindle, from its ideological origins at Milton Friedman’s infamous Chicago School to its implementation in Chile under Pinochet’s dictatorship and its adoption in America through Reaganomics. Enraging yet hopeful, Russell offers concrete ideas on how individuals and society can arrest this downward spiral.

Baker & Taylor
A critical assessment of today's 401(k)s traces the system's history while arguing that the Wall Street-enforced replacement of traditional pensions with 401(k) investments is failing to provide security-level income.

& Taylor

A critical assessment of today's 401(k)s traces the system's history while arguing that the Wall Street-enforced replacement of traditional pensions with 401(k) investments is failing to provide security-level income. By the author of Double Standard.

Authors: Russell, James W., 1944-
Statement of Responsibility: James W. Russell
Title: Social insecurity
401(k)s and the retirement crisis
Characteristics: xix, 201 pages ; 24 cm
Content Type: text
Media Type: unmediated
Carrier Type: volume
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (pages 184-195) and index
Contents: Before the swindle
A fix for what wasn't broken
Army tanks and think tanks
Targeting social security and public worker pensions
How 401(k)s are supposed to work and why they don't
A model unravels
Turmoil in the land of steady habits
What we can do
Subject Headings: 401(k) plans United States Pensions United States Social security United States
Topical Term: 401(k) plans
Social security
LCCN: 2013043335
ISBN: 9780807012567
Branch Call Number: 332.024 R
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Wednesday, August 6.

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Nov 10, 2014
  • montieth rated this: 5 stars out of 5.

James Russell's new book is a must for anyone who wants to understand how the financial investment industry serves itself at the expense of the employee. Professor Russell outlines his own experiences with 401(k)s and explains how even he, a college professor, didn't realized how inadequate his retirement savings would be. The book gives a fascinating account of how a group of professors who had been pursuaded to give up their university pensions for defined contribution plans, realized how inadequate these plans were and successfully fought to win back the pensions. With easy to understand graphs, the reader can understand how adequate their income will be in retirement. He offers the way forward with creative and workable policy solutions for the coming retirment crisis.


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