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African Cherokees in Indian Territory

From Chattel to Citizens
Naylor, Celia E. (Book - 2008)
African Cherokees in Indian Territory
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The University of North Carolina Press
Forcibly removed from their homes in the late 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians brought their African-descended slaves with them along the Trail of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia E. Naylor vividly charts the experiences of enslaved and free African Cherokees from the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma's entry into the Union in 1907. Carefully extracting the voices of former slaves from interviews and mining a range of sources in Oklahoma, she creates an engaging narrative of the composite lives of African Cherokees. Naylor explores how slaves connected with Indian communities not only through Indian customs--language, clothing, and food--but also through bonds of kinship.

Examining this intricate and emotionally charged history, Naylor demonstrates that the "red over black" relationship was no more benign than "white over black." She presents new angles to traditional understandings of slave resistance and counters previous romanticized ideas of slavery in the Cherokee Nation. She also challenges contemporary racial and cultural conceptions of African-descended people in the United States. Naylor reveals how black Cherokee identities evolved reflecting complex notions about race, culture, "blood," kinship, and nationality. Indeed, Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and equal rights that began in the nineteenth century continues even today in Oklahoma.

Forcibly removed from their homes in the late 1830s, Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Indians brought their African-descended slaves with them along the Trail of Tears and resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma. Celia Naylor vividly charts the experiences of enslaved and free African Cherokees from the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma's entry into the Union in 1907. She explores how slaves connected with Indian communities not only through Indian customs--language, clothing, and food--but also through bonds of kinship. Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and equal rights that began in the 19th century continues even today in Oklahoma.


Authors: Naylor, Celia E.
Statement of Responsibility: Celia E. Naylor
Title: African Cherokees in Indian territory
from chattel to citizens
Publisher: Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c2008
Characteristics: xii, 360 p. : ill., maps ; 22 cm.
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 313-341) and index
Contents: On the run in antebellum Indian territory
Day-to-day resistance to the peculiar institution and the struggle to remain free in the antebellum Cherokee nation
Conceptualizing and constructing African Indian racial and cultural identities in antebellum Indian territory
Trapped in the turmoil : a divided Cherokee nation and the plight of enslaved African Cherokees during the Civil War era
Cherokee freedpeople's struggle for recognition and rights during reconstruction
Contested common ground : landownership, race politics, and segregation on the eve of statehood
Subject Headings: Blacks Oklahoma Relations with Indians African Americans Kinship Oklahoma African Americans Oklahoma Indian slaves Oklahoma History 19th century Cherokee Indians Kinship Cherokee Indians Mixed descent Cherokee Indians History 19th century
Topical Term: Blacks
African Americans
African Americans
Indian slaves
Cherokee Indians
Cherokee Indians
Cherokee Indians
LCCN: 2007048563
ISBN: 0807858838
9780807858837
0807832030
9780807832035
Research Call Number: JGD 08-182
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Naylor, Celia E.
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